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Daftar Singkatan Istilah Navigasi Dalam Pelayaran

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NEWS.INDO888.com – Daftar Singkatan Istilah Navigasi Dalam Pelayaran – Masih seputar istilah istilah dalam perkapalan yaitu istilah dan singkatan tentang navigasi pelayaran dan perkapalan. Navisgasi sangat penting bagi para pekerja pelaut. Ada nama nama istilah dan singkatan yang umum di gunakan oleh para pelaut. Daftar Singkatan Nama Istilah Navigasi Perkapalan dan Pelayaran. Baca lebih detail Pelaut Di Indonesia Pendidikan Akademis Pelaut dan Hirarki di Kapal. Navigasi berasal dari bahasa Yunani, yaitu dari kata navis yang berarti perahu kapal dan kata agake yang berarti mengarahkan. Alat Navigasi kapal merupakan suatu yang sangat penting dalam menentukan arah. Istilah radar pertama kali digunakan pada tahun 1941. Navigasi atau pandu arah adalah penentuan kedudukan (position) dan arah.

Lowongan Kerja Pelaut 2017

Daftar Singkatan yang sering ditemukan dalam Istilah Pelayaran :

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  • AIS
    Automatic Identification System
  • AMVER
    Automated Mutual-Assistance Vessel Rescue System: a worldwide voluntary system operated exclusively to support SAR and to make information available to all RCCs
  • ARCS
    Admiralty Raster Chart Service: electronic raster charts produced by the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office
  • ARPA
    Automatic Radar Plotting Aid
  • ASF
    Additional Secondary Factor: corrections to be applied when plotting Loran C positions on charts to take into account variations in the conductivity of the earth’s surface over which the signals pass
  • ATA
    Automatic Tracking Aid: electronic plotting device or radars
  • CES
    Coast Earth Station: maritime name for an INMARSAT shore-based station linking ship earth tations with terrestrial communication networks
  • COLREGS
    Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, as amended
  • COSPAS-SARSAT
    A satellite system designed to detect distress beacons transmitting on the frequency 406 MHz
  • DATUM
    A datum is a reference system for specifying positions on the earth’s surface. Each datum is associated with a particular reference spheroid that can be different in size, orientation and relative position from the spheroids associated with other horizontal datums. Positions referred to different datums can differ by several hundred metres
  • DGPS
    Differential Global Positioning System (see GNSS)
  • DOC
    Document of Compliance issued to the ship operator under the ISM Code
  • DP
    Dynamic Positioning: the ability of a ship to maintain automatically a pre-set position and heading by using her own propellers and thrusters
  • DPO
    Dynamic Positioning Operator, usually a bridge watchkeeper
  • DSC
    Digital Selective Calling: a technique using digital codes which enable a radio station to establish contact with, and transfer information to, another station or group of stations
  • EBL
    Electronic Bearing Line: a radar feature
  • ECDIS
    Electronic Chart Display and Information System
  • ECS
    Electronic Chart System
  • EGC
    Enhanced Group Call: part of the INMARSAT system that complements the NAVTEX system to supply SafetyNET and similar information broadcast services
  • ENC
    Electronic Navigational Chart
  • EP
    Estimated Position
  • EPA
    Electronic Plotting Aid: electronic plotting device for radars
  • EPIRB
    Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon: a device that transmits distress alerting signals usually via satellites
  • FPSO/FGSO
    Floating Production, Storage and Offloading/Floating Gas Storage Offloading ship/vessel or unit: an oil/gas production facility
  • GLONASS
    Global Navigation Satellite System (see GNSS)
  • GMDSS
    Global Maritime Distress and Safety System: a global communications service based upon automated systems, both satellite and terrestrial, to provide distress alerting and promulgation of maritime safety information for mariners
  • GNSS
    Global Navigation Satellite System: a worldwide position and time determination system that includes one or more satellite constellations and receivers
  • GOC
    General Operator’s Certificate: a GMDSS radio operator’s certificate for use on ships trading beyond GMDSS Sea Area A1. This is now usually incorporated into the STCW qualifications of deck officers at the operational level.
  • GPS
    Global Positioning System (see GNSS)
  • HF
    High Frequency
  • HPR
    Hydroacoustic Position Reference: a PRS often used in conjunction with DP, configured with sea-floor acoustic transponders
  • IAMSAR
    International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual: published in three volumes jointly by ICAO and IMO
  • IBS
    Integrated Bridge System
  • ICAO
    International Civil Aviation Organization: Montreal based United Nations intergovernmental body
  • IHO
    International Hydrographic Organization: Monaco based intergovernmental body
  • ILO
    International Labour Organization: Geneva based United Nations intergovernmental body, responsible for seafarers’ employment standards
  • IMO
    International Maritime Organization: London based United Nations intergovernmental body, responsible for the safety of life at sea, including navigational rules, and the protection of the marine environment
  • NAVTEX
    Telegraphy system for broadcasting marine weather forecasts, navigational warnings, SAR alerts and other warnings and urgent information to ships in coastal waters (up to 400 nautical miles) under the WWNWS
  • NBDP
    Narrow-Band Direct Printing telegraphy used for radiotelex and NAVTEX
  • NOAA
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: United States producer of electronic raster charts
  • OOW
    Officer of the Watch
  • PRS
    Position Reference System: a navigational sensor (e.g. DGPS) used in conjunction with a DP system
  • RCC
    Rescue Co-ordination Centre: a unit responsible for promoting the efficient organisation of SAR services and for co-ordinating the conduct of SAR operations within a SAR region
  • RCDS
    Raster Chart Display System
  • RENC
    Regional Electronic Navigational Chart Co-ordinating Centre: supplier of official chart data
  • RNC
    Raster Navigational Chart
  • ROC
    Restricted Operator’s Certificate: a GMDSS radio operator’s certificate for use on ships trading only in GMDSS Sea Area A1 R/T Radio Telephony S-57 Edition 3 IHO’s latest transfer standard for digital hydrographic data for use with ECDIS
  • SafetyNET
    INMARSAT service for promulgating MSI to ships on the high seas; it includes shore-to-ship relays of distress alerts and communications for SAR co-ordination
  • SAR
    Search and Rescue/International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue, 1979, as amended
  • SART
    Search and Rescue Transponder: a portable radar transponder for use in survival craft, which transmits homing signals in the 9 GHz band
  • SENC
    System Electronic Navigational Chart: a database that comprises ENC data, ENC updates and other data added by the mariner that is accessed by, and displayed on, the ECDIS
  • SES
    Ship Earth Station: shipborne satellite communication station, used for exchanging messages with shore subscribers and ships
  • SMCP
    Standard Marine Communication Phrases: an updated version of SMNV that includes phrases that have been developed to cover the most important safety-related fields of verbal communications
  • SMNV
    Standard Marine Navigational Vocabulary: adopted by IMO for communications on board ship as well as for those between ship and shore
  • SMPEP
    Shipboard Marine Pollution Emergency Plan
  • SMS
    Safety Management System under the ISM Code
  • SOLAS
    International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended
  • SOPEP
    Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan
  • STCW
    International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended STCW Code Seafarers’ Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Code, appended to the STCW Convention
  • S-VDR
    Simplified Voyage Data Recorder
  • TMC
    Transmitting Magnetic Compass
  • UMS
    Unmanned Machinery Space
  • VDR
    Voyage Data Recorder
  • VRM
    Variable Range Marker: a radar feature
  • VTS
    Vessel Traffic Services
  • WEND
    World Electronic Navigational Chart Database
  • WGS84
    World Geodetic System 1984 datum
  • WMO
    World Meteorological Organization: Geneva based United Nations intergovernmental body
  • WWNWS
    World-Wide Navigational Warning Service: established by IMO in collaboration with IHO for the dissemination of navigational warnings to ships
  • WWRNS
    World-Wide Radio Navigation System: terrestrial and satellite radio-navigation systems that have been accepted by IMO as capable of providing adequate position information to an unlimited number of ships
  • XTE
    Cross Track Error

Daftar Singkatan Istilah Navigasi Dalam Pelayaran

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